General information about hair restoration and hair transplant
A hair transplant is only possible if hair loss has no pathological causes. In case you are not affected by any disease, which should be excluded by a dermatologist, the genetic pattern of hair loss follows an individual progress which can be classified into a certain scale at the “Norwood´s baldness classification”. There will always remain a certain crown of hair on each male´s scalp for the rest of the life with permanent follicles. Due to genetic predisposition the remaining roots in this area are not affected by hair loss. This happens to every male person, even if a bigger amount of hair on the vulnerable and balding area will be lost after years.
During the procedure of hair restoration the follicles taken from this donor-area are being relocated to the bald or less hairy area of the scalp.
Hair growth in follicular units (FU)
Since the technical term follicular units (FU) is regularly used for modern hair restoration it is important to know that hair always grow in follicular units (“grafts”). Each root or unit extracted from the scalp consists of 1 to 4/5 hairs depending on the individual predisposition.
Modern hair restoration exclusively uses follicular units to be removed and relocated during transplant procedures. The main purpose is to create a natural and aesthetically pleasing look to leave any hair transplant undetectable. Therefore it is very important to transplant single follicular units which can be strategically placed into the receding area of the scalp. To give hairlines a natural and undetectable appearance experts on hair restoration only transplant follicular units consisting of one single hair into this area.
Hair Transplant – Hair Restoration Extraction methods
Currently, two extraction methods are widely used for modern hair transplant: the FUT (follicular unit transplantation) and FUE (follicular unit extraction) method. The removal of follicular units and preparation for the transition is part of each procedure.
After the extraction each follicular unit is individually prepared to be relocated to the scalp. By the previous preparation of the units it is easier to create very fine openings leading to diminishing healing time and a higher density.